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RPSC AEn Mains Syllabus

RPSC-AEn  Main Examination Offline Test Series   Syllabus :

General Hindi Syllabus :

Social Aspect of Engineering Syllabus :

    • Development Processes: Inter relationship between social, economic, scientific and technological factors for development. Development criteria; gross national product, energy consumption.
    • Rural economy, poverty, unemployment, exodus to urban areas. Land acquisition act.
    • Globalisation of Economy: World Trade Organization (W.T.O.), trade related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), Quality assurance, ISO certification. 5 'S' Theory, Optimisation of human, capital and material resources.
    • Financing methods of infrastructure projects-BOT, PPP etc., Case studies of recent projects in Rajasthan-Refinery, IIIT, NHAI Highway, Dedicated Freight Corridor, Metro Rail Project.
    • Technology for rural and Desert Areas, Characteristic of desert areas, Thar desert, desertification and its control, sand dunes stabilisation.
    • Rural energy needs, Deforestation, Modern Solar appliances, Challenges in Solar Power and Wind Power Generation and their Connection to Grid.
    • Rural industries. Soil and water conservation, water harvesting, watershed planning. Thermal comfort aspects of housing, transport in rural and desert areas, Drought, Famine and Disaster management.
    • PMGSY Project. Right to Information act-its provisions.
    • Technology Assessment and Transfer: Criteria for assessment and selection of technology, appropriate technology concept, technology transfer and development.
    • Human Relations in Industry and Industrial Laws: Application of social sciences to industry, leadership and supervision, Labour relations, Trade unions, Salient features of Factory Act, Workmen's Compensation Act, Minimum Wages Act. NAREGA project. Motivation. Conflict Management.
    • Project Planning, Appraisal and Feasibility: Techno economic feasibility studies, Project planning and control, Use of CPM and PERT, Fixed and variable cost, IRR (Internal Role of Return), Cost-benefit ratio, NPV (Net Present Value) Break even analysis, Depreciation, life cycle costing. Software applications in life cycle cost analysis. Project Monitoring by SAP and other softwares.
    • Environmental Degradation and Resource Depletion: Environmental degradation due to energy production, transport, industries, mining and intensive agricultural practices, control of air and water pollution. Hazards of environmental pollution. Health problems, challenges and their remedies due to sone industry, textile industry, coal based thermal power plants and refinery cum petrochemical complex in Rajasthan. Challenges and utilisation of industrial by products (Like Flyash) in Rajasthan.
    • Depletion of natural resources due to population explosion and continuously rising standards of living. Environment impact analysis of projects, green technologies, Concept of sustainable development. National environmental laws. Carbon footprint of technologies, carbon credit system.
    • Dumping of Radioactive waste-methods and monitoring. Effect on health.
    • Development of Science and Technology: Information technology application in Project Designing, Project evaluation programme, implementation and monitoring.



Strength of Materials

Fluid Mechanics

Soil & Foundation Engineering


Theory of Structures

Construction Materials

Structural Design –I (RCC)

Hydrology & Water Resources Engineering

Structural Design –II (Steel)

Transport & Traffic Engineering


Water Supply & Sanitary Engineering

Civil Engineering Paper-1

  • STRENGTH OF MATERIALS: Behaviour of engineering materials in tension, compression and shear, elastic limit, yield stress, proof stress, nominal stress, actual stress and untimate stress, factor of safety, load factor and elastic constants.

    Principal stresses and strains, Strain energy, theories of elastic failure.

    Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams, stress due to bending moment and shear force, design of section, section modulus, elementary theory of torsion, combined bending and torsion. Forces in statically determinate plane trusses.

    Slope and deflection of statically determinate beams, deflection of statically determinate frames – Buckling of columns. Euler's, Rankine's and secant formulae. Combined, direct and bending stresses for short columns. Thin cylindrical and spherical shells.

  • SOIL AND FOUNDATION ENGINEERING: Soil Exploration: Methods of site exploration, boring, sampling, standard penetration test.
    Preliminary definitions and relationship: Water content unit weight, specific gravity, void ratio, porosity and degree of saturation, density index, phase relationship.
    Index Properties: Specific gravity, particle size distribution, consistency of soils. Classifications of soils, field identification.
    Laboratory Test: Particle size analysis, liquid limit, plastic limit, proctor density, field density, permeability, shear box and unconfined.
    Soil water: Inter-granular and pore water pressure, Quick sand phenomenon, permeability, Flow not and its uses.
    Vertical pressure distribution: Boussinesg's equations, Circular load, pressure bulb and its significance, Newmark's chart. Contact pressure distribution.
    Consolidation: Concept of one-dimensional consolidation. Laboratory consolidation test, over- consolidated normally consolidated soils, settlement analysis.
    Shear Strength: Basic concept, Mohr-Coulomb Failure theory and measurement of shear strength.
    Earth Pressure: Lateral earth pressures (Active and Passive), Rankine's and Coulomb's theory.
    Stability of slopes: Methods of slices, friction circle method, Taylor's method.
    Bearing Capacity: Definations, Terzaghi's method, general shear and local shear failures, plate load test.
    Compaction: Field Compaction method, water content, field compaction control and factors affecting compaction.
    Pile Foundation: Types of piles, driving of piles, load carrying capacity of piles, pile load testing, under-reamed pile foundation, bored compaction piles.
    Well Foundations: Caissons, shapes of wells and component parts depth of well foundation and bearing capacity, forces acting on a well foundation. Well sinking.

    Statically Indeterminate Structures : Static and kinematics indeterminacy, Energy theorems, Stiffness and flexibility methods elementary analysis of structures, methods off consistent deformation, slope deflection and moment distribution. Analysis of beams (including continuous) and portal frames, Influence lines, Influence lines for moment, shear and reaction for statically determinate beams and planner trusses. Muller-Breslau Principle and influence lines for indeterminate beams. Rolling loads on beams- shear force and bending moment due to concentrated loads, uniformly distributed loads- shorter and longer than span.

  • STRUCTURAL DESIGN-I: Loads: Specifications for loads on buildings and bridges.
    Reinforce cement concrete: Limit state theory, resistance to bending, shear and bond. Design of singly and doubly reinforced beams, one way, two way and flat slabs, columns with axial; and uniaxial moment loading, footing, cantilever and counterfort retaining walls, simple underground and elevated reservoirs, cantilever sheds, simple rectangular portal frames, spherical domes, staircase.
    Pre-stressed Concrete:Properties of high grade concrete and high tensile steel, pre-tensioning and post tensioning losses in pre-stress. Analysis and design of rectangular beams and slab.

    Steel Structures: Tension and compression members, single and built up sections, connection and splices, roof trusses, simple beams and Purlin connections, columns, lacing and batten, Grillage, Gusseted and slab base foundation. Plate and gantry girders, through and deck type plate grider bridges and with lateral bracings.

Civil Engineering Paper-2

  • FLUID MECHANICS: Fluid properties, types of flow, Fluid statics, forces on fully and partially submerged bodies, stability of floating bodies. Fluid kinematics, acceleration of fluid particle, velocity potential and stream function, irrotational flows, ideal fluid flow, Bernoulli's, Navier Stokes, Reynold's equations, application. Flow measuring devices. Momentum and angular momentum principles as applied to fluid in a control volume, applications to jets. Introduction of viscous flow, concept of drag. Flow through pipes, Laminar and turbulent. Equations for boundary layer thickness and boundary shear over flat plates. Channel Flows (GVF and RVF), surges. Dimensional analysis and similitude techniques.

  • SURVEYING: Distance Measurements: Use of steel and metallic tapes, application of corrections, measurement of base line, errors in base line measurements, reduction to mean sea level, specifications for base line measurements, optical measurements of distances, use of substance bars.
    Angle Measurements: Principles of theodolite constrictions, temporary and permanent adjustment, precision in relation to nature of work, compass, varieties, limitations. Traverse adjustments.
    Verticle Measurements: Use of leveling instruments of level, level tubes, estimation of sensitivity, optics, care and maintenance, parameters to define quality of telescope, leveling instruments and theodolities, methods of records and reducing, stadia reductions, use of level rods, contouring, drainage and watershed lines.
    Methods of filling in details: Chain and compass, plane table and traverse surveys. Principles and adjustments of closed traverse, determination of missing data, solution of two point and three point problems.
    Other Surveys: Curve ranging using linear and angular measurements, simple compound and spiral curves.
    Measurements of area and volumes: Measurements of area and volumes: Use of planimeter, measurements of areas and volumes including prismoidal, trapezoidal and Simpson's method.

    (i) Building Materials : building stones, building bricks, steel (Plain, Tor, High-tensile and Structural), Timber, lime, cement, sand, surkhi, cinder, stone slabs and lintels, aggregates for cement concrete, paints, distempers, use of pozzolana manufacturing of lime concrete, cement concrete for plain, reinforced and pre-stressed concrete work.
    (ii) Road Materials: Coarse aggregate, screenings and binding materials for WBM. Bricks for soling. coarse and fine aggregate for bituminous roads, IRC standard size aggregates, Tars and Asphalt. Asphaltic concrete, Asphaltic emulsions, Mastic Asphalt and Minerals fillers.
    (iii) Constructions Stone Masonry: Ashlar, course rubble, random rubble, stone pillar, dry stone and arch masonry.
    Bricks Masonry : Types and their uses hollow and reinforced brick work.
    Wood work: doors and windows.
    Steel works: Structural steel work, metal doors and windows.
    Roofing: Stone slab roofing, G.C. Steel sheet roofing, Asbestos cement sheet roofing, jack arch roofing, tile and thatch roofing.
    Flooring: Cement concrete flooring, flag stone flooring, terrazzo mosaic flooring, Terrazzo file flooring, Brick on edge flooring, timber Granolithic floor finish, linoleum and other floorings.
    Plastering: Lime plaster, cement sand plaster, composite, plaster, rough coat plaster, Araish plastering with Gypsum, Plaster of Paris, painting.
    Miscellaneous: Damp proof course, anti-termite treatment, sill, coping and corbelling.
    Centering and Shuttering: Centering form work, shuttering and moulds, timber trestles and false work, scaffolding and shoring, under pinning.
    Sanitary and Water Supply: Providing and laying galvanized iron PVC, asbestos cement, stone ware, cast iron and RCC pipes; sewerage and drainage system; over head and under ground tanks; manholes and gully chambers ; septic tank; soak pit, dispersion trench, floor and wall treatment in toilets, glazed tile work, downpour pipes.
    Construction Management: Management of construction, plants and equipments. Planning for construction using network analysis C.P.M. and PERT techniques
    Shallow foundation: spread foundation, combined footing and strap footing, Mat or Raft Footing.

  • HYDROLOGY AND WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING: Engineering Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration and infiltration. Estimation of dependable runoff factors effecting runoff. Rainfall runoff relationship, flood/drought estimation using frequency analysis and unit hydrograph methods. Groundwater hydrology, aquifers, steady flow towards fully penetrating wells confined and unconfined aquifers.
    Crop water requirements: Consumptive use of water. Water depth and frequency of irrigation. Soil moisture and its variation in the root zone. Wilting point. Field capacity. Different methods of irrigation and irrigation efficiency. Duty, delta and outlet factor. Cropping patterns. Intensity of irrigation, Command area development and its related problems.
    Diversion Head Works: Principles of design of weirs on non-permeable and permeable foundations. Khosla's theory, designs for uplift and exit gradient. Silt exclusion from canal head works.
    Canals: Lined and unlined canals. Lacey's and Kennedy's theories, Tractive force approach. Types of lining and its selection criteria. Lift Irrigation from Canals and Wells Ground water availability in unconfined aquifers. Safe yield formulae, construction and maintenance of wells. Relative merits of lift irrigation and flow irrigation.
    Storage Works: Different types of dams. Elementary concepts of masonry, concrete, earthen, butteress and arch dams. Forces gravity dams. Structural behaviour stability considerations and stress variation in gravity dams. Appurtenances, Foundation Treatment and control of seepage.
    Multi-purpose Project: Compatibility of Multi-purpose uses. Data needed in planning of multi-purpose water resources projects. Reservoir planning, Environmental consequences of irrigation. Water logging, problems of alkalinity and salinity, Farm drainage and CAD works.

  • TRANSPORT AND TRAFFIC ENGINEERING: Survey investigation and preparation of road project. Highway standard classification, land width, building line center line, formation width, terrain classification, pavement width Camber longitudinal gradients, sight distance horizontal curve, super elevation, vertical curve, lateral and vertical clearances.
    Design of Pavement: Flexible pavements.
    Pavement Construction: Sub-base, base course and shoulder stone/kankar brick soling, WBM courses, shoulders. Granular sub-base, stabilized soil roads, cement/lime stabilized sub-base, sand bitumen base course, crushed cement concrete base/sub-base course.
    Bituminous Course: Prime and tack coats, surface dressing, open graded premix carpet, semi dense carpet, built-up spray grout base course, bituminous base binder course. Asphaltic concrete seal coats, mixed seal surfacing. Penetration macadam base/binder course, full and semi grouts.
    Traffic Engineering : Traffic characteristics, road user characteristics, vehicular characteristics, volume, speed and delay studies origin and destination study, traffic flow characteristics, traffic capacity and parking studies, traffic regulation, traffic control devices, Intersection control. System approach in traffic management.
    Bridge Engineering: Components of bridges, classification of bridges, requirements of an ideal bridge, selection of bridge site, Bridge alignment, site investigation and collection of data, waterway of bridges. Economic span scour depth of foundation, Afflux, clearance, free board. Type of bridge superstructures and methods of erection, bridge bearings, joints in bridge, wearing coat, Railing, parapet and approach slab. Type of bridge foundation, bridge pier, adjustment and wing walls. Training work for bridges and protection works. Low cost bridges, causeway, timber bridges, suspension bridges, pipe and slab culverts.

  • WATER SUPPLY AND SANITARY ENGINEERING: Water Supply Engineering: Quantitative requirements of water supply for urban and rural areas. Variation in demant. Forecast of population. Different sources of water supply, lakes, rivers and ground water. Intake arrangements. Drinking water standard for water. Bacteriological test. Pumping of raw water. Design of rising mains. Water treatment, flow diagram, sedimentation coagulation, filtration and disinfection, water softening and aeration of water. Water distribution system and their design and analysis. Clear water reservoirs. Rural water supply and sanitation. Problems of low cost potable water for rural population. Tube wells for water supply. Safe yield from tube wells.
    Sanitary Engineering: Sewerage, separate sewers and combined sewers. Hydraulic and structural design considerations. Different types of pipe material and different shapes of build up sewers. Superimposed load n sewers. House plumbing, various accessories and arrangement. Sewage pumping station.
    Characterization of Sewage : Physical, chemical and biological analysis, Industrial waste water and its problems, natural purification process through soil mass and through water bodies self purification of streams. Sewage treatment, Physical treatment, screening, skimming tanks, Grit chamber, Settling tanks. Secondary (biological) treatment, trickling filters and high rate bio filters. Activated sludge and accelerated aeration plants. Secondary, settling tanks, sludge digesters and sludge drying. Final disposal, Low cost waste water treatment oxidation ponds, oxidation ditches, aerated lagoons, septic tank, anaerobic lagoons. Dry refuse disposal. Basic concepts of Urban and Rural sanitation.



Electrical Circuits

Electrical Measurement & Instrumentation

Filed Theory

Electronics & Communication

Electrical Materials

Power Electronics

Electrical Machines


Power Systems

Control Systems

Electrical Engineering Paper-1

  1. Electrical Circuits: Circuit elements, Kirchhoff's laws, Mesh and nodal analysis, topological concepts, Network Theorems and applications. Natural response and forced response. Steady state and transient response for standard inputs. Properties of network in terms of poles and zeros. Transfer functions. Resonant circuits. Three-phase balanced and unbalanced circuits. Two port networks. Signal flow graphs. Coupled circuits. Filters, image impedance, attenuation, phase shift and insertion losses in constant K and M derived filters. Fourier series, Laplace transforms and their application.

  2. Field Theory: Electric and magnetic fields, Gauss's law, Ampere's law, Divergence and curl. Fields in dielectrics, conductors and magnetic materials, Maxwell's equations. Time varying fields. Wave propagation in dielectric and conducting media.

  3. Electrical Materials: Classification of materials on the basis of permanent magnetic dipoles. Electrical and electronic behaviour of materials. Classification on the basis of conductivity. Behaviour of dielectrics in steady and alternating fields. Phenomenon of polarization. Super conductivity. Application of magnetic, conducting, dielectric and insulating materials, Piezoelectricity.

  4. Electrical Machines: Construction of large power and distribution transformers, Phasor diagram and equivalent circuit of transformers. Regulation and testing of transformers, power loss calculations, efficiency and all day efficiency.
    Starting methods of single phase motors. Applications in domestic appliances. Principle of operation, constructional features and performance analysis of three-phase induction motors. Torque-slip characteristics, Circle diagram. Methods of starting and testing.
    Construction, circuit model, operating characteristic, performance analysis, synchronous reactance, efficiency, voltage regulation, parallel operation of an alternator.
    Starting of synchronous motor, V-curves, hunting and its prevention.
  5. Power systems: Type of power stations : hydro, thermal and nuclear stations. Pumped storage plants. Economics and Operating factors.
    Power transmission lines, modelling and performance characteristics, voltage control, optimal power system operation. Load frequency control, symmetrical short-circuit analysis. Symmetrical components, p.u. representation, fault analysis, transient and steady state stability of power systems. Equal area criterion. Corona, Neutral earthing. Power system transients, power system protection, circuit breakers, relays, H.V.D.C. transmission.

Electrical Engineering Paper-2

  1. Electrical Measurement and Instrumentation: Units and standards. Error analysis. Measurement of current, voltage, power factor and energy, Indicating instruments. Measurement of resistance, inductance, capacitance and frequency by bridge methods, electronic measuring instruments, digital voltmeter and frequency counter.
    Transducers and their applications for the measurement for non-electrical quantities like temperature, pressure, flow rate, displacement, velocity, acceleration. Telemetry and data transmission. Data acquisition systems. A/D and D/A converters.

  2. Electronics and Communication: Semiconductor devices physics. P-N junction and transistors, circuit models and parameters. FET, ZENER, TUNNEL, SCHOTKY, photodiodes and their applications, rectifier circuits, voltage regulation, switching behaviour of diodes and transistors, small signal amplifiers biasing circuits, frequency response, multistage amplifier and feedback amplifiers. D.C. amplifiers, oscillators.
    Large signal amplifiers: coupling methods, push-pull amplifiers, operational amplifier, wave shaping circuits,. Multivibrators, flip-flop and their applications. Digital logic gate families, universal gates, combinational circuit for arithmetic and logic operation, sequential logic circuits. Counters, registers, RAM and ROMs.
    Large signal amplifiers: Generation and detection of AM and FM, noise behaviour of AM and FM systems.

  3. Power Electronics : Power semiconductor devices. Thyristor, power transistor, GTOs and MOSFETs characteristic and operation A.C. to D.C. converters, single-phase and three-phase D.C. to D.C. choppers. Inverters, single-phase and three-phase pulse width modulation. Sinusoidal modulation. Switched mode power supplies.

  4. Microprocessor systems and computers: Microprocessor architecture, instruction set and simple assembly language programming. Interfacing memory and I/O devices. Applications of microprocessors. Basic layout of digital computers, input-output devices, memory organizations. Algorithms. Flow charts.

  5. Control System: Open and closed loop systems. Block diagrams and signal flow graphs, transfer function. Response analysis, time domain, frequency domain, steady-state error analysis. Root locus technique, Bode plot, Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist Criteria of stability. State space analysis of linear systems.



Theory of Machines


Materials Science

Heat Transfer

Machine Design

Fluid Mechanics & Fluid Machines

Manufacturing Process

Environmental Engineering

Industrial Engineering

Energy Conversion


Power Plant Engineering

Mechanical Engineering Paper-1

  1. Theory of Machines:

    Kinematics and dynamic analysis of mechanisms, Coirolis component of acceleration, Mechanisms for straight line, Motor vehicle steering mechanism, Hooke's Joint and Geneva mechanism, Kinematics synthesis of mechanism, Velocity and acceleration analysis, Brakes and dynamometers, Cams, Governors, Gears and Gear trains, fly wheel and turning moment diagram, Friction (types), Laws of friction, Inclined plane, Ball & roller bearings, single and multiplate  clutches, Force analysis of machines, Force and inertia torque analysis of mechanisms, Balancing of rotating and reciprocating masses, Balancing of single and multicylinder engines, Gyroscopic motion, vibration analysis of free, damped and forced vibration of single degree of freedom, Vibration isolation and transmissibility, Transverse vibration and whirling (critical) speed of shaft, torsional vibration up to three rotor system, geared system, Holzer's method.

  2. Materials Science:

    Crystal structure, space lattice, crystal systems, Miller indices, Imperfection in crystal, determination of crystal structure, mechanism of plastic deformation, Theory of work hardening and recrystalization, concept of creep, fatigue and fracture, Phase diagrams, Heat treatment of steels, Plain carbon steel, alloy steels, effect of alloying elements in steel, Composition, application and properties of common engineering materials, Materials for Nuclear energy and bearing materials.

  3. Machine Design:

    Design procedure and flow diagram, Factor of safety, unit deformation (strain), Types of stresses, stress-strain relationship, Deflection in beams, bending moment & shear force diagram, Eccentric loading, theory of fatigue, Statistical nature of fatigue, Endurance limit and its modification factor, Concept of fracture in ductile and brittle metals, Creep behavior in metals, Design of levers, beams, shafts, laminated and helical springs, belt, pulleys and flywheel, power screw, gear drives and friction clutches, thin and thick wall pressure vessels.

  4. Manufacturing Processes:

    Types of patterns and pattern making, Moulding and casting methods, Principles of arc welding and equipment, oxy-acetylene gas welding, gas welding flames, Brazing and Soldering, hot and cold working of metals, Introduction to Lathe, Milling, shaper and drilling machine, Cutting tools, Merchant's force analysis, geometry of single point cutting tool, types of chips, Taylor's tool life equation, Economics of metal cutting, Modem machining methods, NC & CNC, Jigs & fixtures, fits, tolerances and limits, measurements of screw threads and gear profile, gear manufacturing, Press tools and high velocity forming.

  5. Industrial Engineering:

    Type of business, their formation and dissolution, Government control, public corporations and co-operative societies. Introduction to management, Principle of Management, elements of management, contribution of Taylor, Gilbreth, Fayol and Mayo in the development of management, Forms of organization, management structure, Authorities and responsibilities, organizational charts, span of control, Work study and productivity, motion study, time study, theory of work sampling, Make and buy decision, probability theory, Game theory, replacement theory, principle of plant layout, Material handling: functions, engineering & economic factors, production planning and control, routing, scheduling and dispatching, Gannt's chart, CPM, PERT, Material Management, Planning and Programming, Inventories, lot size, lead time, re-order point, wages payment system, Introduction to linear programming, Value engineering, JIT and MRP, Labour legislation, Industrial Relations.

Mechanical Engineering Paper-2


    Basic concepts of thermodynamics, Properties of pure substances, First law of thermodynamics applied to closed and open systems, Second law of thermodynamics, Carnot cycle, entropy, Second law analysis of engineering systems, Availability.
    Gas Power Cycles: Air Standard Efficiency, Otto cycle, Diesel cycle, Brayton cycle with modifications, Ideal jet propulsion cycle.
    Vapour Power Cycles: Carnot and Rankine cycles, reheat and regenerative cycles, reheat factor, binary vapour cycle, combined gas-vapour power cycle.
    Combustion: Solid, liquid and gaseous fuels, stochiometric air and excess air, Gas analysis, Different calorific values, Enthalpy of reaction and enthalpy of formation, Dissociation.


    Conduction: One- dimensional steady state heat conduction, Heat conduction through composite walls, Critical thickness of insulation, Heat transfer from finned surfaces, fin efficiency and effectiveness.
    Convection: Free and forced convection, Dimensional analysis, Heat transfer correlations, Hydrodynamic and thermal boundary layers, boundary layer equations and their solutions for flat plates and pipes.
    Radiation: Planck's distribution law, Radiation properties, Kirchoff's law, diffuse radiation, Lambert's law, Intensity of radiation, Heat exchange between two black surfaces, Heat exchange between gray surfaces, radiation shield, Electrical analogy,
    Boiling and Condensation: different regimes of boiling heat transfer, Correlations of boiling heat transfer, Heat transfer coefficient for laminar film condensation on flat plate, Drop wise condensation.
    Heat Exchangers: Different types of heat exchangers, Logarithmic mean temperature difference and effectiveness for parallel flow and counter flow heat exchangers, Correction factor and fouling factor, Heat exchanger design by LMTD and effectiveness NTU methods.


    Fluid Mechanics: Fluids and their properties, buoyancy and floatation, Kinematics and dynamics of fluid flow, similitude and dimensional analysis, Incompressible fluid flow in pipes, Steady flow of compressible fluids – normal shock waves, Fanno and Rayleigh lines, Oblique shock waves, Flow in a pipe with friction, Flow of viscous fluids – laminar and turbulent boundary layers, Fluid flow measurement.
    Fluid Machines: Centrifugal pumps: constructional details, specific speed, manometric and overall efficiencies, characteristic curves. Hydraulic turbines: classification constructional features of Pelton, Francis and Kaplan turbines, specific speed, velocity triangles, efficiencies, characteristic curves, governing systems, draft tubes, cavitation.


    Refrigeration : Basic refrigeration and heat pump cycles, Air refrigeration system, Aircraft refrigeration, Vapour compression refrigeration, Vapour absorption system, Refrigerants, Refrigerator components and controls, Unconventional methods of Refrigeration.
    Air-conditioning: Psychrometric charts, Different air-conditioning processes, Air-conditioning systems and equipments, air-conditioning plants, Selection of air-conditioner, Layout of different air- conditioning systems, Air-distribution, duct design, Cooling Loads and their calculations, Human comfort and comfort chart, Different applications of refrigeration and air-conditioning.


    Combustion Internal Engines: S.I. and C.I. engines, Combustion phenomenon, Combustion chambers, carburetion and fuel injection, Supercharging, engine fuels, various efficiencies and performance of I.C. engines, Engines emission and control.
    Steam Turbines: Flow of steam through nozzles, Steam turbine types, Velocity diagrams for impulse and reaction turbines, Efficiencies and governing.
    Gas Turbines: Centrifugal and axial flow compressors, Energy transfer equation, Velocity diagrams, Efficiency and performance of gas turbines, Multistage compression, Reheat and regeneration.


    Steam Power Plants: High pressure steam boilers and accessories, plant layout, Fuel handling and firing, ash, smoke and dust removal, Fluidized bed, Chimney and draught, Condensers, Heat balance sheet, Plant operation and maintenance, Thermal pollution and control.
    Hydro-electric power plants: Selection of site, Different layouts, Efficiency and load curves, Hydrology, hydrological cycle and hydrograph, Control in hydro-electric plants, Economic loading of hydro-power plants.
    Nuclear power plants: Nuclear reactions and fuels, Nuclear reactors, Nuclear power plant economics, Safety measures & site selection, Comparison of Nuclear, steam and hydro plants.
    Power plant economics: Economic load sharing between base load and peak load plants, typical load curves, Effect of variable load on power plant.